North america physical map

United states

North America is the largest geographical division on Earth, after Europe, Asia and Africa. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. The closest point to Asia is the Bering Strait, in the northwest. To the northeast is the island of Greenland and, 470 kilometers away, Iceland. With respect to Africa, the shortest distance between the two continents is 1,598 kilometers, while 9,600 kilometers separate North America, on the east side, from Australia.

The main hydrographic basin of North America is formed by the Mississippi, Missouri and Ohio rivers, which are similar in length to the Amazon River. The watershed is 3,160,000 square kilometers. The plant life is also special in this area. For example, in the north, lichens, mosses and low grasses are typical of arctic vegetation. In Canada and the western United States, coniferous expanses, especially redwoods, pines and spruce, stand out.

Map of north america

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The maximum land area of North America is in the mid-latitudes. Its extent from east to west is about 176° latitude (12° W to 176° E) and measured from north to south is 69° longitude (83° N to 14° N). It is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Pacific Ocean in the east, the Gulf of Mexico in the west and the Atlantic Ocean in the south.


North America is a subcontinent of the American continent, it covers about 4.8 % of the total surface of the planet with approximately 24 323 000 km². It has an estimated population of over 572 million inhabitants(2014). It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by the Caribbean Sea and to the southwest by the Pacific Ocean.

North America is politically divided into 3 sovereign and independent countries: Canada, the United States and Mexico. In addition 3 territories or insular dependencies are linked to the subcontinent: Greenland, Bermuda and Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

The vegetation and climate in North America are very varied: it has most of the climates of the world. The subcontinent is racially and ethnically diverse. North America has one of the world’s largest economies with high industrial and economic development.

Free printable political map of north america

North America or North America is a subcontinent of the American continent[8] and considered by many, because of cultural and geological difference (cratons) a continent of the supercontinent of America. [3] It lies in the northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the western hemisphere and is bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the northeast by northern Europe through Greenland, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, on the southwest by the Pacific Ocean, and on the northwest by North Asia through the Bering Strait. It is connected to South America by the narrow territorial bridge represented by Central America, which, depending on the region of the world, is sometimes considered equally North American,[3] and sometimes a separate subcontinent.

The second theory, less widely accepted, is that the name comes from an English merchant named Richard Amerike, of Bristol, who is believed to have financed John Cabot’s voyage from England to Newfoundland in 1497. Another theory is that the name comes from an Amerindian language.[9]


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